How to prevent Malaria while travelling

Malaria is one of the most dreadful diseases caused by mosquito bite. The chances of one contracting malaria especially while travelling to developing nations is very high. To avoid the risk of malaria and to have a safe journey, we have for you few tips to protect yourself from Malaria.

  1. Determine the level of risk

Consider all these factors: The time of year you are travelling, the duration of your stay, the activities you plan to do and where you will be staying. The risk for an infection can vary considerably, even within a single country. Successful malaria prophylaxis depends on your knowledge – make sure you are in the know before you go.

  1. Always use a bed-net impregnated with insecticides

Make sure to use a proper net and keep it properly tucked underneath your mattress. The room itself should have additional nets attached to the windows and doors. Switch on the air conditioning, as mosquitoes tend to stay out of cool, air-conditioned rooms.

  1. Never skip the mosquito repellent

Use an insect spray containing pyrethroids in all living and sleeping areas, especially during evening and nighttime hours.

  1. Sunscreen comes first – repellent second

If you are using sunscreen, it should be applied first and the insect repellent second. The repellent will not work if you cover it with a thick layer of sunscreen. Alternatively, use a sunscreen that contains a repellent.

  1. Are you at risk? – Get an antimalarial (if necessary)

Depending on the overall malaria risk at your destination, it might be necessary to practise malaria prophylaxis, either on a daily or a weekly basis. Your search for the right antimalarial medication ends here. While travelling, you must carry antimalarial medication since it prevents you from being a victim especially when you travel to areas with higher risk of malaria.

Antimalarial medication are easily available in online pharmacies. If you stay around Leicester, you can avail medicines from Pharmacy 360. Pharmacy 360 is one of the leading online pharmacies in Leicester.

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Tips to prevent Malaria while travelling

If you are planning a trip to some exotic destination, then make sure if the region is at a risk of malaria? Before you fly, make sure you’re safe. How??? Find out the top ten ways to avoid getting ill on vacation and make the most of your holidays.

  1. Know the level of risk

Things you should consider are: The time of year you are travelling, the duration of your stay, the activities you plan to do and where you will be staying. The risk for an infection can vary considerably, even within a single country. Successful malaria prophylaxis depends on your knowledge – make sure you are in the know before you go.

  1. Consider a bed-net impregnated with insecticides

Use a proper net without holes in it and always ensure it is properly tucked underneath your mattress. The room itself should have additional nets attached to the windows and doors. Keep the air conditioning on, as mosquitoes tend to stay out of cool, air-conditioned rooms.

  1. Don’t skip the mosquito repellent

Use an insect spray containing pyrethroids in all living and sleeping areas, especially during evening and nighttime hours.

  1. Wear long sleeves

Long sleeve shirts and trousers will ensure that less skin is exposed.  Also you can treat your clothes with permethrin in order to increase your protection.

  1. Sunscreen comes first – repellent second

If you are using sunscreen, it should be applied first and the insect repellent second. The repellent will not work if you cover it with a thick layer of sunscreen. Alternatively, use a sunscreen that contains a repellent.

  1. Check the malaria risks – Get an antimalarial (if necessary)

Depending on the overall malaria risk at your destination, it might be necessary to practise malaria prophylaxis, either on a daily or a weekly basis.

Looking for malaria tablets before you take off? While travelling, consider antimalarial medication since it prevents you from being a victim especially when you travel to areas with higher risk of malaria.

Antimalarial medication are easily available in online pharmacies. If you stay around Leicester, you can avail medicines from Pharmacy 360. Pharmacy 360 is one of the leading online pharmacies in Leicester

What is Malaria?

Malaria is an existence debilitating blood infection brought about by parasites transmitted to people through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Once a tainted mosquito bites a human and transmits the parasites, those parasites duplicate in the host’s liver before contaminating and wrecking red blood cells. It is found in numerous nations including many parts of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), parts of center and Far East and some Pacific Ocean Islands.

So what is Antimalarial medication?

Antimalarial prescriptions, otherwise called antimalarials, are intended to anticipate or cure intestinal sickness. Such medications might be utilised for a few or the majority of the accompanying:

  • Treatment of Malaria in people with suspected or affirmed contamination
  • Prevention of contamination in people going to an intestinal sickness endemic area who have no resistance (Malaria prophylaxis)
  • Routine discontinuous treatment of specific gatherings in endemic locales (irregular preventive treatment)

Kinds of antimalarial drug

Doxycycline (otherwise called Vibramycin-D)

  • dosage – the measurement is 100mg day by day as a tablet or case. You ought to begin the tablets two days before you travel and take them every day you’re in a hazard territory, and for four weeks after you return.
  • recommendations – not appropriate for pregnant or breastfeeding ladies, youngsters less than 12 years old (as a result of the danger of lasting tooth discolouration), individuals who are touchy to antibiotic medication anti-infection agents, or individuals with liver issues.

 

Mefloquine (otherwise called Lariam)

  • Dosage – the grown-up measurement is one tablet week after week. Youngster measurements is likewise once every week, except the sum will rely on upon their weight. It ought to be begun three weeks before you travel and taken all the time you’re in a hazard zone, and for four weeks after you get back.
  • Recommendations – it’s not suggested on the off chance that you have epilepsy, seizures, gloom or other emotional wellness issues, or if a nearby relative has any of these conditions. It’s not more often than not prescribed for individuals with extreme heart or liver issues.

 

Bite avoid can be accomplished by:

  • Choose and utilize a decent quality creepy crawly repellant – like one containing DEET
  • Cover up – particularly after nightfall until sunrise
  • Sleep under a mosquito net
  • Wearing light, free garments that spreads however much as could reasonably be expected eg arms and legs
  • Use module vapourisers or consuming curls to keep creepy crawlies with smoldering heat

•                   Consider taking Vitamin B1 – 1g every day beginning two weeks before – as the odor in your sweat demoralizes creepy crawlies gnawing

Malaria – the rising global threat

Statistics say that every year around 300–500 million people contract malaria and about 3 million die, most of which are children who are under five years. The total number of global deaths due to Malaria exceed that from AIDS. After Tuberculosis, Malaria is easily the world’s largest parasitic disease, killing more and more people every day. Malaria has been around as one of the oldest pathogens since the birth of the agriculture.

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. The mode of infection of these parasites are the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, also known as “malaria vectors.” There are five parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and two of these species – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat.

– P. falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite on the African continent. It is responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally.

– P. vivax is the dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa.

What are its symptoms?

Malaria is an acute febrile illness. In a nonimmune individual, symptoms appear 7 days or more (usually 10–15 days) after the infective mosquito bite. The first symptoms – fever, headache, chills and vomiting – may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If not treated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, often leading to death.

How can you control it?

– Vector control is an effective way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission. If coverage of vector control interventions within a specific area is high enough, then a measure of protection will be conferred across the community.

– It is recommended protection for all people at risk of malaria with effective malaria vector control. Two forms of vector control – insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor residual spraying – are effective in a wide range of circumstances.

– While travelling, consider antimalarial medication since it prevents you from being a victim especially when you travel to areas with higher risk of malaria.

Anti malarial medication are easily available in online pharmacies. If you stay around Leicester, you can avail medicines from Pharmacy 360. Pharmacy 360 is one of the leading online pharmacies in Leicester.

Antimalarial medication – the key to remain safe

Malaria is a serious disease throughout the world with adverse effects, caused by a parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. Prompt medication ensures a complete recovery. In contrast, the situation can get out of control when you fail to seek proper antimalarial medication. The UK is the biggest importer of malaria. Therefore it only takes one bite from a mosquito to get the infection in Leicester.

A high fever for a prolonged period could be a sign of malaria. Keep in mind that it has no vaccination and therefore, you have to use the antimalarial medication. Furthermore, you should maintain the correct dose and adhere to the physician’s prescription.

The basis for the prescription of the antimalarial medication

  • Age category- child and adult dosage differ due to their weight. It helps in preventing overdose that might result in serious complications.
  • Previous problems experienced from taking the antimalarial medicines.
  • Family medical history- you will provide relevant information whether any of your family members has experienced malaria previously and whether you have any record of the associated allergies.
  • Pregnancy- most pregnant women experience side effects that affect them together with the fetus. Therefore, there are some antimalarials particularly suitable for their medication.
  • The current drugs that you are taking- combinations of antimalarial medications can result in drug resistance. In that case, a single drug can overcome the strains of the disease in your blood stream.

Below are the variety types of antimalarial medication in Leicester:-

Atovaquone plus proguanil

It remains to be the most expensive antimalarial medication. However, it is worth the amount due to its treatment effectiveness. Both children and adults have different dosage which can run up to one week. On the negative, it has mild side effects such as headaches and skin rash.

Doxycycline

Doxycycline is cheaper than Atovaquone but with an extended dosage period amounting to four weeks. However, this medication limits a category of people due to its severe side effects. Pregnant women and children are recommended to avoid taking the drug due to heartburn and sunburn. Provided you adhere to the prescriptions, you can minimize the adverse effects.

Before you step into an disease infested country, make sure you are up to date with your vaccines and medications so that you may have a safe journey.