Statistics say that every year around 300–500 million people contract malaria and about 3 million die, most of which are children who are under five years. The total number of global deaths due to Malaria exceed that from AIDS. After Tuberculosis, Malaria is easily the world’s largest parasitic disease, killing more and more people every day. Malaria has been around as one of the oldest pathogens since the birth of the agriculture.
What is Malaria?
Malaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. The mode of infection of these parasites are the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, also known as “malaria vectors.” There are five parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and two of these species – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat.
– P. falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite on the African continent. It is responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally.
– P. vivax is the dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa.
What are its symptoms?
Malaria is an acute febrile illness. In a nonimmune individual, symptoms appear 7 days or more (usually 10–15 days) after the infective mosquito bite. The first symptoms – fever, headache, chills and vomiting – may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If not treated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, often leading to death.
How can you control it?
– Vector control is an effective way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission. If coverage of vector control interventions within a specific area is high enough, then a measure of protection will be conferred across the community.
– It is recommended protection for all people at risk of malaria with effective malaria vector control. Two forms of vector control – insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor residual spraying – are effective in a wide range of circumstances.
– While travelling, consider antimalarial medication since it prevents you from being a victim especially when you travel to areas with higher risk of malaria.
Anti malarial medication are easily available in online pharmacies. If you stay around Leicester, you can avail medicines from Pharmacy 360. Pharmacy 360 is one of the leading online pharmacies in Leicester.